The Koya language is spoken by tribals in East Godavari and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh. It is also spoken by tribals in Telangana States of Khammam, Warangal, Karimnagar and Adilabad districts. It is estimated that the language is spoken by 5.7 lakh people.
Language pundits are worried that the language may go in extinction due to lack of script. Scripts have been prepared for languages such as Gond and Savara, speakers of which combined is less than the population which speaks Koya language.
The younger generation of tribals are unable to learn the script in school as they predominantly teach Telugu medium. Due to hte difficulty in learning Telugu, many of them opt out of school and have dabbled in agriculture and cattle rearing.
The State government had taken an initiative - 'Koya Bharathi' in the past to publish books in Gond, Koya, Konda Kolami, Kuvi, Adivasi Odiya, Banjara and Savara languages. These books were provided to students of first, second and third grades. However, the government has stopped publishing the books from 2008.