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Technology News on January 19, 2012

Secret behind centenarians' exceptional longevity identified
Genetic variants play a critical and complex role in conferring exceptional longevity in centenarians, researchers say. ANI

Dung beetles dance to get navigation cues
Dung beetles dance atop dung piles when they wander off course or encounter an obstacle as it helps them maintain the desired straight-line departure, a new study has suggested. ANI

Web founder joins global outrage over US' anti-piracy laws 'violating human rights'
The inventor of the World Wide Web, Sir Tim Berners-Lee, has added his voice to the global outrage over a United States' plan to censor the internet, calling it 'undemocratic and violative of human rights'. ANI

New treatments for addiction come closer to reality
Researchers have now shed new light on how neuron interaction in brain reinforces behaviours, thus opening doors to possible breakthroughs in theories or treatments for addiction. ANI

How smoking causes 'destructive' emphysema
Exposure to smoking activates genes and portions of the immune system, causing inflammation that triggers life-shortening emphysema, a new study has revealed. ANI

Natural substance from 'miracle tree' could clean water inexpensively
Scientists have claimed that a natural substance obtained from seeds of the "miracle tree" could purify and clarify water inexpensively and sustainably in the developing world. ANI

How anti-diabetic drug could help cut cancer risk
In a new study, scientists have tried to solve the mystery surrounding how the anti-diabetic drug metformin could reduce the risk of developing cancer and what were the mechanisms involved. ANI

Our brain relies on 'mental city-map' to navigate
People have access to map-like characters in their memory, usually oriented towards north, which helps them cruise around the city, researchers say. ANI

Oxygen starvation reverses radiation-induced brain damage in mice
Controlled oxygen supply or hypoxia alleviates some of the cognitive impairment in mice caused by whole brain radiation therapy, which is used to treat brain tumours, a new study has revealed. ANI

'Star Trek-style' transparent aluminium that can stop bullets created
Transparent aluminium, the fantastically strong material mentioned in 'Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home' by Enterprise engineer Mr Scott, may be coming closer to reality. ANI

Aspirin may play role in ridding HIV-infected women of cervical cancer
Aspirin should be evaluated for its ability to prevent development of cervical cancer in HIV-infected women, a new study has suggested. ANI

Ancient Peruvians enjoyed popcorn
Some of the oldest known corn cobs, husks, stalks and tassels, dating from 6,700 to 3,000 years ago have been discovered at two mound sites on Peru's arid northern coast. ANI

New blood test can detect sex of unborn child as early as 5 weeks
A pioneering blood test could now tell pregnant women whether they are carrying a boy or a girl as early as five weeks. ANI

New software could expose face-changing criminals
A new technique for matching faces before and after plastic surgery could now help police uncover criminals who go under the knife to disguise themselves. ANI

Molecule key to malaria's 'invisibility cloak' identified
Scientists have identified one of the crucial molecules that instructs the malaria parasite to employ its invisibility cloak to hide from the immune system, and helps its offspring to remember how to 'make' the cloak. ANI

Soon, blood test to tell whether you will live to be a centenarian
Scientists are working on a blood test which, should one really want to find out, would reveal who will live to be 100. ANI

Distant friends tend to cast more influence on Facebook
Facebook users are most influenced by online friends they are less close to in real life, a new study has found. ANI

Doubts cast on "men are better than women at math" stereotype
Few researchers have now cast doubts over the popular notion - "men are better at math"- saying that the studies supporting the stereotype had major methodological flaws, utilised improper statistical techniques and many of them were scientifically incorrect. ANI

Distant faint 'satellite galaxy' made up of dark matter discovered
Astronomers have discovered a faint "satellite galaxy" 10 billion light years from Earth, and it is believed to be the lowest-mass object ever detected at such a distance. ANI

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