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Technology News on May 17, 2011


New fossil primate species discovered in West Texas
A physical anthropologist has discovered a previously unknown species of fossil primate, Mescalerolemur horneri, in the Devil's Graveyard badlands of West Texas. ANI

Brain consumes majority of energy for intrinsic activity
Ongoing, intrinsic brain activity that is not task-related accounts for the majority of energy used by the human brain, according to a new study. ANI

5 out of 13 plastic products intended for kids leach toxic substances
Studies conducted at the University of Gothenburg has found that many plastic products contain hazardous chemicals that can leach to the surroundings. ANI

First exoplanet that has Earth-like habitable temperature identified
Scientists at the France's National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) has confirmed a rocky world orbiting a nearby star as the first exoplanet to meet key requirements for sustaining life. odeling of planet Gliese 581d showed it has the potential to be warm and wet enough to nurture Earth-like life. ANI

Tiny autonomous robots that can explore and map buildings developed
A team of scientists has developed and demonstrated small autonomous robots, which can explore, detect and map unfamiliar structure inside buildings and combat zones. ANI

Childhood abuse linked to chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia in women
University of Toronto researchers have found that childhood physical abuse is associated with significantly elevated rates of functional somatic syndromes such as chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia and multiple chemical sensitivities among women. ANI

How different are fiction dialogues from spoken conversation?
The success of a movie significantly depends on power-packed and crispy dialogues, which should sound realistic as well, to the audience.he requirement that fiction should capture the readers' interest influences the use of linguistic constructions in fiction dialogue. ANI

Study explores effectiveness of animal camouflage in visual space of predators
A team of researchers from MBL, West Point are one step closer to understanding how a colorblind animal adopts near-perfect camouflage in a variety of backgrounds. ANI

Zebrafish re-grow fins using multiple cell types, not stem cells
A new study has discovered that zebrafish regenerate their organs by using multiple cell types and not just stem cells, as suggested by earlier studies. ANI

How stroke patients can achieve better recovery
Scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy have shown for the first time that high levels of a hormone that is associated with the growth hormone system are associated with better long-term recovery during the later phases of rehabilitation after a stroke. ANI

Lung protein 'could offer target to treat smoking-caused emphysema'
Indiana University scientists have identified a lung protein that is suspected to play a key role in smoking-related emphysema and have crafted an antibody to block its activity ANI

Alzheimer's 'not always linked to memory loss symptoms'
Half of people who develop Alzheimer's disease before the age of 60 are initially misdiagnosed as having other kinds of brain disease when they do not have memory problems, according to a new study. ANI

How snakes inject venom into their victims' bodies
Researchers have shed light into the toxicity of snakes. ANI

Aggressive male mating behaviour can drive species to extinction
An evolutionary biologist has demonstrated in a mathematical model that aggressive male mating behaviour might well be a successful reproductive strategy for the individual but it can drive the species to extinction. ANI

Traditional Chinese herbal paste may help cut exacerbations of COPD
A new study conducted by researchers in Beijing has suggested that a traditional Chinese herbal paste known as Xiao Chuan, or XCP, may help reduce winter exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ANI

New cell that attacks dengue virus identified
An Indian-origin researcher at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore and his colleagues have found that mast cells, which can help the body respond to bacteria and pathogens, also apparently sound the alarm around viruses delivered by a mosquito bite. ANI

Soon, solar sheets that turn 95 pc of sunlight into electricity
An engineer at the Missouri University Chemical Engineering Department is in the process of developing a flexible solar sheet that captures more than 90 pc of available sunlight. ANI

Digital imaging software that gives 'Google Earth' view of the bladder!
Researchers at the University of Washington have developed a new digital imaging software which when used with any current endoscope can create a full, 3-D panorama of the bladder interior. ANI

Key enzyme behind development of insulin resistance identified
A study on mouse models has found evidence of the role of a possible enzyme in the development of insulin resistance in humans, promising a new target for drugs for diabetes and related ailments. ANI

Common anti-inflammatory drug kills liver cancer cells
A new study has revealed that the anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib, known by the brand name Celebrex, triggers liver cancer cell death by reacting with a protein in a way that makes those cells commit suicide. ANI

Scientists re-grow retinas, restore vision using skin's stem cells
For the first time, scientists from Boston's Schepens Eye Research Institute have used stem cells derived from skin to re-grow areas of the retina and improve vision. ANI

Inability to handle environmental exposures may cause asthma
A new study by the Shanghai Women's Health Asthma and Allergy has suggested that an impaired ability to handle oxidative stress that arises from exposure to secondhand smoke and other environmental triggers may contribute to the development of asthma. ANI

Binge drinking linked to poorer verbal declarative memory
A new study has established a clear link between binge drinking and a reduced ability to learn new verbal information. ANI

Reindeer teeth reveal Neanderthal's hunting strategies
A new study that analyzed the subtle chemical variations in reindeer teeth has found that the Neanderthal used sophisticated hunting tactics similar to the ones employed by modern humans. ANI

Brains can recreate whole detailed scenes from just a simple line drawing
Simple line drawings - that have been with us since prehistoric times - can capture the essence of a beach or a mountain for viewers just as well as a photograph would, a new study has shown. ANI

A human gene that causes leukemia and prevents liver cancer!
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, and the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital in China have said that a human gene implicated in the development of leukemia also acts to prevent cancer of the liver. ANI

Ozone hole over Antarctica on the road to recovery
Researchers in Australia have claimed that the hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica is on the road to recovery, 22 years after the Montreal Protocol to ban chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and related ozone-destroying chemicals came into force. ANI

Bread loaf-sized nanosatellite to hunt down extra terrestrial life
Draper Laboratory and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed a nanosatellite the size of a loaf of bread that will undertake one of the biggest tasks in astronomy: to find 'Exoplanets' beyond our solar system, which could support life like Earth. ANI

Alcohol gene first appeared in vertebrates some 450m yrs ago!
It was previously thought that the gene for alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) - a protein that breaks down ethanol - evolved in humans. ANI

New prostate cancer test 'more specific' than conventional PSA test
A study by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center has suggested that a new test for prostate cancer that measures levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA) as well as six specific antibodies found in the blood of men with the disease was more sensitive and more specific than the conventional PSA test used today. ANI

Comet Hartley 2's nucleus 'is tumbling at a changing rotational rate'
A Planetary Science Institute researcher has for the first time observed that the nucleus of Comet Hartley 2 is tumbling at a changing rotational rate. ANI

Novel mouse model shows promise in treating degenerative diseases
A team of researchers has engineered a new mouse that may lead to new therapies for degenerative diseases - a condition in which the function or structure of the affected tissues or organs will progressively deteriorate over time. ANI

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