Jharkhand tribe falls
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Home / India News / 2007 / June 2007 / June 9, 2007
Jharkhand tribe falls back on age-old customs for settling disputes
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Jharkhand tribe falls back on age-old customs for settling disputes

Oraon, a Jharkhand tribal community still settles all disputes within the community at its annual congregation of village heads.

Bero (Jharkhand), June 9 : Oraon, a Jharkhand tribal community still settles all disputes within the community at its annual congregation of village heads.

Known as 'Parha Jatra', the congregation of Oraon tribe is a unique system of judicial administration to settle disputes all through the year. The community members strictly follow the rules drafted by the 'Parha'.

The congregation is now held in the form of a fair or 'Jatra' which attracts people of fun and frolic. Each 'Parha' has a minimum of five villages under its jurisdiction and the 'Parha King' is the head of all the villages under his jurisdiction.

"Parha still functions in the traditional way. Every villager follows the guidelines put by Parha. Every custom of tribals is inherent in Parha," said K.C. Bhagat, a tribal.

All the 'Parha Kings' come to the congregation, sitting on the symbolic animal corresponding to their 'Parha'.

Amidst music and dance, the tribals also get a chance to settle their disputes at the 'Jatra'. These tribals still have faith in their traditional judicial system and they rarely approach police or courts. Even heinous crimes like murder are settled by the 'Parha'.

"Parha is not restricted to a particular community. It's the social and administrative system of all the natives of the region. The relation between Parha and the people is same as the relation between a lake and its inhabitants," said Vishwa Nath Bhagat, another tribal.

Oraon tribe traces back its origins to the Harappa civilization and is the largest amongst the eight million tribal population in Jharkhand.

ANI

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