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Mohamed Morsi


Mohamed Morsi was the fifth president of Egypt. He assumed office on June 30, 2012.

Morsi was elected President as the Brotherhood's compromise candidate after Khairat al-Shater was disqualified. Morsi ruled for a year before mass protests spurred the military to overthrow him in July 2013.

Controversial decree

Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, on 22 November 2012, issued a decree that is likely to lead retrials of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and his aides. The decree is likely to generate a controversy and has been compared to the Mubarak's autocratic ways. The decree also stated that all decisions taken by Morsi till a new parliament is elected were exempted from legal challenge.

The decree puts Mohammed Morsi above the judiciary and also exempts the new Islamist-dominated constituent assembly from judicial review while writing Egypt's new constitution. Liberal and secular members of the assembly staged a walk out of the body saying they would impose strict Islamic practices.

Demonstrations for and against the newly assumed powers of the Egyptian president were held in different parts of Cairo. Rights group say that the new decree is like imposing emergency laws in the nation. Meanwhile, Muslim Brotherhood supporters gathered in front of the presidential palace in northern Cairo to support president Morsi.

The Supreme Judicial Council of Egypt, the country's highest body of judges has called the new decrees as "unprecedented assault on the independence of the judiciary and its rulings." The council regulates the judicial promotions.

Meanwhile 15 political parties and groups have called for a protest against the recent decrees for Tuesday. The leaders of the parties and several people ranging from tens of thousands staged demonstrations against the decree on 23 November 2012.

Thousands of people stage demonstrations in support of President Morsi on 1 December 2012.

Following the huge uproar, President Mohammed Morsi has cancelled the decree on December 9, 2012. However, he has not delayed the referendum on a new constitution that it is due this month which was one of the major demands of his opponents. He said that the referendum cannot be delayed and would go on December 15 as scheduled.

20-year sentence

Mohamed Morsi was sentenced to 20 years in prison for teh killing of protesters outside a Cairo presidential palace in December 2012. He escaped a death sentence over allegations that he passed over state secrets to foreigh groups, including Hamas and Hizbollah, while in office.

Death Sentence

An Egyptian court sentenced Mohamed Morsy and 100 others to death over a mass prison break during 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak and later brought Islamists to power for the first time in Egypt. Morsy is already serving a 20-year sentence for killing of protesters outside a Cairo presidential palace in December 2012. Judge Shaaban el-Shami has referred the sentence to the country's top Muslim theologian for his non-binding opinion. The judge has set June 2 for the next hearing.

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