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2G Spectrum Scam


The Spectrum Scam, also known as the 2G spectrum scam is the largest political corruption in the history of modern India. The corruption led to a loss of $40 billion to the Government of India. The 2G scam led to Raja's resignation.

In the scam, the telecom bandwidth-spectrum was grossly undervalued and was offered to a chosen few with vested interests. An FIR filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation claims that the allocation of 2G Bandwidth was not adone as per market prices. This resulted in a scam worth Rs. 200,000,000,000 (US$ 4,540,000,000).

A. Raja has submitted his resignation on November 14, 2010. Reports for a further criminal investigation and action on Raja has been filed by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) and the Central Burea of Investigation (CBI).

Timeline of Important Events

Enforcement Directorate has filed a "prosecution complaint" before a Delhi court against A Raja, Kanimozhi, Dayalu Ammal along with others for money laundering in 2G spectrum allocation case. Apr 25, 2014

November 25, 2012
RP Singh retracted his statement saying that he never said that Murli Manohar Joshi influenced the PAC report on 2G scam. He said that a newspaper had misquoted him.

November 23, 2012
A former CAG official accused senior BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi of influencing the PAC report submitted on 2G scam. The allegation was made by RP Singh, former Director General, Post and Telecommunications at CAG who accused Joshi of calling audit officials to his home for preparation of the PAC report. Singh claimed that he estimated a loss of only Rs. 2645 crore but signed the report containing Rs. 1.76 lakh crore loss on the orders of the superiors.

August 27, 2012
Supreme Court allows Government to complete the 2G spectrum auction by January 11, 2013.

August 24, 2012
Supreme Court rejects the petitions filed by Janata Dal president Subramanian Swamy and NGO Centre for Public Interest and Litigation urging the court to order probe on P Chidambaram in the 2G scam.

May 15, 2012
Former Telecom Minister A Raja is granted bail by the CBI Court in New Delhi. He was granted bail on the grounds of 'principle of parity'.

March 1, 2011
CBI says 63 persons are under scanner in 2G spectrum scam probe.

A Delhi court allows A Raja to participate in the proceedings in the 2G spectrum allocation scam case through video- conferencing.

Union Telecom Minister Kapil Sibal moved a motion in the Rajya Sabha for setting up of a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) into 2G spectrum allocation.

February 25, 2011
CBI questions former Telecom Minister Arun Shourie.

February 24, 2011
Government and the Opposition will debate in Parliament the terms of reference of the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) on 2G Spectrum Scam and pass a resolution.

February 23, 2011
CBI questions A Raja's brother Kalia Perumal in connection with 2G scam.

February 22, 2011
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh agrees for a JPC probe into the 2G scam. BJP welcomes the announcement.

February 21, 2011
Arun Shourie will appear before the CBI.

February 18, 2011
CBI carries out searches at the office of DMK owned television channel-Kalaignar TV -in connection with the 2G scam.

Union Parliamentary Affairs Minister Pawan Kumar Bansal says decision on the formation of JPC to probe the 2G Spectrum Scam will be taken before February 23.

February 15, 2011
CBI Director A P Singh will appear before the Parliament's Public Accounts Committee to give evidence in connection with the allocation of 2G spectrum.

PAC Chairman Murli Manohar Joshi quotes CBI Director A P Singh as saying that it is incorrect to say the government has made no losses in the 2G spectrum allocation.

CBI questions Unitech MD Sanjay Chandra in connection with the 2G spectrum allocation scam.

February 13, 2011
CBI summons Arun Shourie in 2G scam case.

February 11, 2011
Union Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar rubbished media reports, which linked him to Dynamix Balwas (DB) group Managing Director Shahid Usman Balwa, who has been arrested by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in connection with the 2G Spectrum Scam.

February 10, 2011
Special CBI Court extends remand of A Raja and Swan Telecom promoter Shahid Usman Balwa for four more days.

February 9, 2011
Dynamix Balwas (DB) group Managing Director Shahid Usman Balwa who was arrested will be produced in a Mumbai court.

February 8, 2011
CBI wants to extend the custody of A Raja and his two associates R.K. Chandolia and Siddharth Behura who were arrested on February 2.
A Raja will be in CBI Custody for two more days.

CBI arrests Dynamix Balwas (DB) group Managing Director Shahid Usman Balwa.

February 2, 2011
CBI grills Raja for the fourth time.

February 1, 2011
CBI grills Raja for third time in 2G scam.

January 31, 2011
The one man committee headed by retired Supreme Court Justice Shivraj Patil submits his report on 2G spectrum allotment scam to Telecom Minister Kapil Sibal. Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) General Secretary Prakash Karat reiterates his party's demand for JPC Probe on the 2G Scam.

December 21, 2010
AIADMK Supremo J Jayalalitha demands arrest of former telecom minister A. Raja. Lobbyist Nira Radia is being questioned by the CBI.

December 15, 2010
The CBI has raided the office and residence of lobbyist Nira Radia. Former Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) chairman Pradeep Baijal's home is also being raided by the CBI.

November 25, 2010
Parliament stands paralysed on the tenth consecutive day over the 2G scam issue. Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar appeals to all parties to end deadlock over the issue and not to disrupt the working of Parliament. The Supreme Court questions the CBI as why it has not questioned the former Telecom Minister A. Raja and his secretary in connection with the 2G Spectrum Scam.

November 23, 2010
The Supreme Court of India will examine the affidavit filed on behalf of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh that rejects charges of inaction on the part of the PMO in the 2G Spectrum Scam.

November 22, 2010
Both the houses at the Indian Parliament was adjourned on November 22, as opposition members continued to demand a Joint Parliamentary Committee probe into the 2G spectrum allocation scam.

November 20, 2010
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has promised action against anybody found guilty in the 2G spectrum allocation. Railway Minister Mamata Banerjee assured her full support to the Government over this issue.

November 19, 2010
Law Minister M Veerappa Moily announced that Attorney General G.E. Vahanvati will appear for the Prime Minister in the Supreme Court. Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee appealed to all political parties to help end the deadlock over the 2G spectrum allocation scam, saying the matter could be looked into by the Public Accounts Committee of the Parliament.

Subbarao tells JPC, spectrum allocation did not result in a loss

The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) met on September 18, 2012 on the 2G Spectrum scam. RBI governor D Subbarao, who was the finance secretary between April 30, 2007 and September 4, 2008, appeared before the committee and said that the allocation of 2G spectrum did not result in a loss to exchequer in actual terms. He also did not agree with the controversial finance ministry note of March 25, 2011 which suggested that the finance minister P Chidambaram could have insisted on auctioning the 2G spectrum.

The main opposition BJP has staged a walkout from the meeting. They accused the JPC chairman PC Chacko of being biased. The BJP members threatened to quit the panel and a decision on the same would be taken soon. BJP senior leader Yashwant Sinha said that the BJP has lost faith in the JPC.

Joint Parliamentary Committee on 2G spectrum allocation

October 11, 2012: CPI leader Gurudas Dasgupta walked out of the JPC protesting against Chairman PC Chacko's unwillingness to summon Finance Minister as witness.

2G Spectrum Scam in News

Sushma Swaraj woos Delhi traders, says no FDI in retail
Sushma Swaraj addresses her first pre-election campaign in Delhi

Delhi court to record statements of former Telecom Minister A Raja
Delhi court on Monday set May 5 for recording of statements of the former Telecom Minister A Raja along with 15 others facing trail in 2G spectrum scam

Nothing wrong in Raja, Kalmadi being made Standing Committee members: Congress
A Raja, Suresh Kalmadi and Kanimozhi made Standing Committee members

Raja and Kalmadi made members of Parliamentary panels
Kanimozhil and Rahul Gandhi also made members of Parliamentary Standing Committees

'UPA II Govt. synonym for mega corruption and scams', alleges CPI MP D. Raja
Alleging that the Congress-led UPA II Government suffers from the loss of moral and political authority, Communist Party of India (CPI) lawmaker D. Raja on Tuesday said the ruling government has become synonym for mega corruption and scams.

A Raja visits Lok Sabha constituency
Former Telecom Minister and prime accused in the 2G-spectrum scam A. Raja visited his Lok Sabha constituency of Niligiris on Sunday.

BJP slams Govt. for shying away from probe into coal scam
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has strongly criticised the Central Government for shying away from a probe into the multi-billion dollar coal scam, which has triggered a massive outcry across the socio-political spectrum.

BJP pulls up UPA over alleged scam in coal block allocation
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Tuesday hit out at the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) Government at the Centre over the delay in tabling a CAG report on allocation of coal blocks.

Congress avoids commenting on CBI raids against Yeddyurappa
Congress Party on Wednesday refused to comment on the raids being conducted by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) against former Karnataka Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa in connection with illegal mining, and termed the whole episode to be a process of law.

After 15 months in Tihar jail, A. Raja heads to Parliament
A day after he walked out of Tihar Jail after securing bail in the 2G spectrum allocation scam, former Telecom Minister A. Raja went to Parliament on Wednesday.

'2G case looks as if it is getting diluted', says Jayalalithaa on Raja getting bail
Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa on Tuesday said that the 2G spectrum case looks, as if it is getting 'diluted'.

Karunanidhi delighted over Raja getting bail in 2G case
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) chief M. Karunanidhi on Tuesday expressed his delight over former Telecom Minister A. Raja getting bail in the 2G spectrum case.

Raja walks out of Tihar jail after getting bail in 2G case (Update)
Former Telecom Minister A. Raja walked out of the Tihar Jail here on Tuesday evening after spending over 15 months for his alleged role in the 2G scam.

'It's a democratic process, says Swamy on Raja getting bail in 2G case
Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy on Tuesday said there is no point in keeping a person inside the jail beyond the point where he cannot interfere with the trial process and witnesses.

Raja to walk out of Tihar jail; BJP wants bigger names to be caught soon
Hours after a Delhi court granted bail to former Telecom Minister A. Raja who is facing trial in the 2G spectrum case, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Tuesday said the law is taking its own course, but emphasized that action should also be taken now against other big names involved in the scam.

2G Case: Delhi Court to pronounce order on A Raja's bail plea
A Special Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court in Delhi is expected to give its order on the bail plea of former telecom minister A Raja in connection with the multi-crore 2G spectrum scam.

Subramanian Swamy demands Chidambaram's resignation
Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy on Monday took Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram to task over the statement made him in Parliament on the Aircel deal, and asked Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh to order a Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) probe into the matter.

Chidambaram says 'I don't own any share in Aircel-Maxis'
While the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) continued to protest against P. Chidambaram in Parliament over the Aircel-Maxis deal, the Home Minister on Monday clarified all the doubts over the issue, saying that neither he nor any members of his family have owned any share in any telecom company.

BJP pulls up Chidambaram for reading out son's letter in Parliament
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Friday took Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram to task for reading out his son's letter in Parliament.

Court defers orders on Raja's bail plea till May 15
The verdict on the highly anticipated bail plea filed by former Telecom Minister and key accused in the multi- crore 2G spectrum scam, A Raja was deferred till May 15 by a special Delhi court on Friday.

Uma Bharti critical of Rahul Gandhi for blaming BJP over Lokpal logjam
Senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Uma Bharti has criticized Congress General Secretary Rahul Gandhi for blaming BJP for the non-passage of the Lokpal Bill in Parliament.

JPC members accuse CAG of pressing his corporate programme in 2G scam report
Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) Chairman P C Chacko on Wednesday said the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India, Vinod Rai, had taken objection to allegations levelled against him by members on the JPC panel that he had pressed his corporate programme in his report on the 2G spectrum scam.

PM must clarify Chidambaram's alleged favours to former client: BJP
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Tuesday demanded that Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh must clarify Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram's alleged involvement in favouring a former client.

Sushma lambasts Manmohan Singh over corruption, price rise
Ludhiana, Dec 19 Senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Sushma Swaraj launched an attack on Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh over the government's perceived 'failure' in tackling the issues of graft and price rise.

Subramanian Swamy finds Sonia Gandhi 'root cause of corruption' in India
Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy on Sunday accused Congress President Sonia Gandhi of causing corruption in the country.

BJP accuses Rahul Gandhi of being silent on key issues
Senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Ravi Shankar Prasad has accused Congress General Secretary Rahul Gandhi of being silent on key burning issues concerning the country like graft, black money and high inflationary prices.

Home Secretary Singh defends Chidambaram's interference in withdrawal of cases
With Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram coming in the line of opposition fire in Parliament over allegations that he had helped a Delhi hotelier, Union Home Secretary R. K. Singh on Thursday defending the former said that it was impossible for senior lawyers to remember the cases that they had fought years ago, and added it was foolish to accuse someone for that reason.

Chidambaram not involved in 2G scam as per Home Ministry records
Union Home Secretary R. K. Singh on Thursday said that the draft of the letter sent by the Home Ministry to the Delhi Government concerning the 2G scam was neither shown to Chidambaram nor to the Joint Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

BJP slams Sibal for defending Chidambaram's role in 2G case
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) today slammed Union Telecom Minister Kapil Sibal for defending Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram in the multi-billion dollar 2G scam.

Kapil Sibal backs Chidambaram over 2G case, says allegations against him baseless
Defending Union Home Minister P Chidambaram on his alleged involvement in the 2G scam case, Telecom Minister Kapil Sibal on Saturday rejected all allegations levelled against him.

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