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Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

About Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (aka Mahatma Gandhi)(Birth: October 2, 1869 at Porbundar, Gujarat; Death: January 30, 1948) is a lawyer, a politician and a leader. He is considered the Father of India and is globally recognized as the strongest representative of Non-Violence in the 20th century.

Mahatma Gandhi has changed the future of India with his ideas of non-violence and world peace.

Professional Biography

Gandhi was briefly lodged at the Yerawada Jail, Pune.

Gandhi in South Africa

In 1893, Gandhi claims to have suffered a series of racial humiliations while traveling by train through colonial South Africa. The most infamous of these incidents was when Gandhi was reportedly thrown from a train in Pietermaritzburg after refusing to move from a first to a third-class seat to accommodate a white man's demands. Most historians credit this event, which featured prominently in the 'Gandhi' film, with galvanizing Gandhi to fight against white imperialism and the burgeoning apartheid system. Singh and Watson evaluate the evidence for these pivotal incidents, rigorously exploring the origins of the 'Mahatma' in their pursuit of historical truth. They call Gandhi himself to the witness stand, weaving courtroom drama into the text to expose his deceptive accounts of the train journey. Along the way, they examine Gandhi's voluntary service as a British Sergeant Major during a war to suppress the Zulus, which he claims inspired his vow of celibacy and poverty.

Gandhi for Nobel Peace Prize

Mahatma Gandhi was never a Nobel Peace Prize despite having received 12 nominations between 1937 and 1948.

Auction of Gandhi's items - March 2009

Gandhi's great-grandson Tushar Gandhi expressed hope of getting back his memorabilia from an auction in New York. Indian Union Minister of State for External Affairs Anand Sharma said India would take all steps, including bidding, for bringing back the belongings. Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh asked embassy in US to get back Gandhis memorabilia. However, Gandhi's eyeglasses, a pocket watch, leather sandals, plate and bowl did go under the hammer despite Indian Government's last minute attempts. James Otis, the owner of the items has decided to put off the auction but the auction house Antiquorum Auctioneers went ahead with the Lot Number 364 auction as planned. Indian Businessman Vijay Mallya, through his representative Tony Bedi, has put in a $1.8 million (about Rs. 90 crores) and saved the items to be owned by some one else. Though Mallya won the bid, the Indian Government took the credit of getting the items back to India. Vijay Mallya came out and said he bid for the memorabilia on his own and that the Indian government has nothing to do with the bidding. During the month, Mallya sought governments approval for waiver of import duty on the memorabilia of historical value and national sentiments. James Otis has offered to donate a few more of Mahatma Gandhi's belongings to India provided the Indian Government agrees to his proposal to substantially increase its spending on healthcare for the poor.

Gandhi Jayanti

The birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, October 2nd, is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti around the world.

Books on Gandhi

  • In 'Gandhi Under Cross-Examination,' authors Col. G. B. Singh and Dr. Tim Watson provide a critical analysis of Mohandas Gandhi's 21 years living in South Africa. The authors also investigate Gandhi's relationship with the black natives of South Africa and how he has influenced India and the modern world.

Films inspired by life of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi has inspired many film directors, who have made movies on the life of Gandhi and the principles of the Mahatma.

  • Gandhi (1982) - The role of Mahatma Gandhi is played by Ben Kingsley. The movie was directed by Sir Richard Attenborough. The movie has won eight Academy Awards and was hailed as the one of the finest films ever made.
  • The Making of a Mahatma (1996) - The movie is based on the book The Apprenticeship of a Mahatma by Fatima Meer. The movie is directed by Shyam Benegal.
  • Hey Ram (2000) - The film Hey Ram was starred by Kamal Hassan, Shah Rukh Khan, Rani Mukherjee and Nasseeruddin Shah.
  • Lage Raho Munnabhai (2006) - The movie is based on the principle of 'Gandhigiri'
  • Gandhi My Father (2007)

Other Information

Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Plaza

A 7-foot tall and 30-inch wide life size bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi will be installed in Irving of Texas in the United States. The statue will be installed on a 6-foot tall pedestal and will have a granite wall as backdrop with memorable words of Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela, Albert Einstein and President Barack Obama inscibed on it. May 2014

Mahatma Gandhi in News

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