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Swine Flu / A/H1N1

About Swine Flu

On October 3, 2009, the first doses of swine flu vaccine are made ready for use by U.S. doctors who will get them in about three week time. About 600,000 tubes of AstraZeneca Plc's nasal spray vaccine are scheduled to arrive by October 6, 2009.

In June 09, Scientists have come up with a fast and cost-effective way to detect the H1N1 swine-derived influenza A virus in human clinical samples using standard lab equipment. In August 09, the WHO annoinced the first swine flu vaccine are likely to be ready for use by September 09.

Taking care of Swine Flu

Here are a few precautions / care to be taken in regard to swine flu.

  • When sick, stay at home
  • Wash hands frequently with soap and water or use an alcohol based hand gel
  • Wash hands prior to touching eyes, nose and mouth
  • When coughing or sneezing, cover mouth and nose using tissues which should be disposed of immediately
  • Don't share items such as cigarettes, glasses or cups, lipstick, toys or anything which could be contaminated with respiratory secretions
  • Maintain at least one metre distance from people who have flu-like symptoms such as coughing or sneezing

may not be totally correct because: ""Analysis of the genome indicates it contains genetic fragments from Asian and European pigs as well as birds and humans of unknown source. Since the origin of the genetic elements came from four sources, it's called a quadruple reassortment virus.

Naming Swine Flu

John Tudor, Ph.D., a microbiologist at Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia feels that naming 'Swine flu' may not be totally correct because "Analysis of the genome indicates it contains genetic fragments from Asian and European pigs as well as birds and humans of unknown source. Since the origin of the genetic elements came from four sources, it's called a quadruple reassortment virus".

Swine Flu vaccie / research

Global Epidemic

According to a World Health Organization report dated May 16, 2009, 8451 cases of influenza A(H1N1) infection are reported all over the world with Mexico and Canada reporting the most. The report dated May 21, 2009 has put the total cases to 11034 and deaths at 85. USA leads the charts with 5710 reported cases while Mexico reported the highest number of deaths - 75. As of May 26, 2009, the total death toll due to A/H1N1 reached 100. As of June 15, 2009, 76 countries have been officially reported 35,928 cases and 163 deaths. According to WHO Update 57 on Influenza A(H1N1) dated Sunday, July 05, 2009, there are 44287 confirmed cases and 180 deaths. According to WHO Update 51 on Influenza A(H1N1) dated June 19, 2009, there are 89921 confirmed cases and 382 deaths.

Experts who studied the death of two people in San Francisco feel that the A/H1N1 is more active than seasonal influenza and infectious disease. Another study highlighted the need for anti-viral drug distribution centres and swine flu testing clinics.

A/H1N1 in US

On May 25, 2009, a death is reported in Illinois, Chicago taking the US Swine-flu death toll to 12. 2 people in California died of A/H1N1 on June 1, 2009. On September 18, 2009, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials announced the first batch of A/H1N1 flu vaccinations will come in the form of a nasal spray.

A/H1N1 in Brazil

On May 21, 2009, the Brazilian Health Ministry said the number of confirmed cases in Brazil are 9. The latest of them was a 39-year olf man from Sao Paulo who returned from the US. The other 8 cases are treated and are already sent home. According to Brazil Ministry of Health, as of June 19, 2009, the officially reported number of cases rose to 180. São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Distrito Federal, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Bahia and Minas Gerais are few regions with reported cases.

A/H1N1 in Mexico

Mexico reported the majority of A/H1N1 positive cases. As many as 3102 have falled ill and 68 are reported to have died due to the flu. As of July 3, 2009, there are 10262 confirmed cases and 119 deaths.

A/H1N1 in Chile

As of July 3, 2009, there are 7376 confirmed cases and 14 deaths in Chile.

A/H1N1 in UK

As per UK's Health Protection Agency numbers, there are 87 confirmed A/H1N1 cases and 172 possible cases in laboratory investigations in the UK (as per May 16, 2009 report). The number of confirmed cases in UK rose to 255 after 9 new cases are reported on June 1, 2009.

The family of UK's first UK swine flu fatality - the family of Jacqui Fleming, the mother-of-three from Glasgow who has become the first person in Europe to die of swine flu said she is devasted for what has happened. Reports by Medical professionals in June 09 reported that the virus can spread up to 50% of Britons population.

A/H1N1 in Australia

With a 17-year old boy from Melbourne's northern suburbs being tested postitive on May 20, 2009, the total number of confrimed A/H1N1 cases in Australia reached 11. On May 25, 2009, Australian Health Minister said that the number of A/H1N1 cases might increase from the existing 23. On May 26, 2009, A 41-year old man who returned to Canberra from a trip to the US is tested postive. Australia has reported 24 confirmed cases of A/H1N1 - 13 in Victoria, 4 in New South Wales, 2 in South Australia and Queensland and 1 in Western Australia and ACT. During the end of May 09, reports are out that the Australian Government has ordered for 10 million doses of H1N1 vaccine developed by pharma company CSL Ltd. A three-year-old Victorian boy became the first Swine flu victim in Australia. On July 2, 2009, two student nurses at Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane are confirmed to be having swine flu, according to a Queensland Health spokesman. All patients who might have had contact with the nurses are reported to have been contacted and treated with antiviral medication.

A/H1N1 in New Zealand

New Zealand confirmed its 10th A/H1N1 infected patient after a child who returned from North America is tested positive. By July 1, 2009, the number of confirmed cases rose to 711.

A/H1N1 in Fiji

The Fiji Health Ministry confirmed its first influenza A/H1N1 case on June 20, 2009 when a 36-year-old male Fiji resident returned home from Australia. About 1600 passengers are tested after flu-like symptoms after a cruise ship Pacific Star was docked in Savusavu, Fiji's north.

A/H1N1 in Brunei

With 10 more new cases reported in July 7, 2009, the total number of the cases in the country rose to 174.

A/H1N1 in Asia & Middle East

H1N1 in Qatar

On June 17, 2009, Qatar reported its first confirmed A/H1N1 case in two boys. Regions such as the Middle East have are now increasingly proneto the virus.

A/H1N1 in Philippines

The Philippine Government's Health Secretary Francisco Duque confirmed the first case of flu in Philippines. The patient, a lady who returned from the US on May 18, 2009 is reportedly kept in isolation.

A/H1N1 in Turkey

A US citizen who arrived at the Istanbul International Airport, Turkey from Amsterdam to Iraq on May 14, 2009 is reported to have been tested postive.

H1N1 in China

Ministry of Health, China confirmed its third A/H1N1 infection after a 18-year-old woman who recently returned to Beijing from school in New York is tested positive.

On May 17, 2009, Wen Jiabao and Li Keqiang visited China's first diagnosed A/H1N1 flu patient surnamed Liu. They met the Beijing Ditan Hospital medical staff and inspected the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

On September 3, 2009, Sinovac Biotech Ltd. (NYSE: SVA), a leading provider of biopharmaceutical products in China, announced today that the State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) has approved the registration application for PANFLU.1, Sinovac's H1N1 vaccine, and has issued Sinovac a production license for this vaccine.

On September 4, 2009, the People's Republic of China has issued the initial order to Sinovac to purchase H1N1 vaccine for the national stockpiling plan. According to the initial order, Sinovac is required to complete the production of 3.3 million doses of PANFLU.1 (15ug/0.5ml), the H1N1 vaccine manufactured by Sinovac, before September 15, 2009. Two doses of the vaccine are packaged in one vial.

A/H1N1 in India

The first A/H1N1 case in India is reported in Hyderabad on May 16, 2009 when a 23-year-old man was found to be infected with Influenza AH1N1. On September 4, 09, four deaths are reported in Karnataka on Friday taking the toll to 35. On September 12, 09, the Karnataka Health Department confirmed four women deaths from swine flu in the state

A/H1N1 in Saudi Arabia

On July 27, 2009, S. Arabia confirmed its swine flu death.

A/H1N1 in Thailand

Thailand confirmed its 5th A/H1N1 flu case on Tuesday, June 02, 2009

A/H1N1 in Japan

In May 09, 9 students in Osaka, Western Japan and 12 from Kobe city are reported to have been tested positive for A/H1N1.

A/H1N1 in Hong Kong

2 cases of the flu are reported on May 25, 2009 taking the total toll of confirmed cases in Hong Kong to 9. On June 17, 2009, Singapore confirmed 17 new cases taking the total count to 66.

A/H1N1 in Vietnam

In June 09, reports are out that Vietnam has put aside US$ 8 million to fight A/H1N1.

Swine Flu and celebrities

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