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2012 Israel - Gaza conflict

In November 2012, violence escalated between Israel and Gaza as both Hamas and Israel fired against each other. The warfare continued for seven days and finally concluded on November 21, 2012 with a ceasefire between the two regions. Egypt led the negotiations between the two countries for ceasefire. In total, 160 people were killed in the week-long warfare.

Israel officially launched the "Operation Pillar of Defense" on 14 November 2012. They killed Ahmed Jabari, chief of Gaza military wing of Hamas. The operation is aimed to halt the rocket attacks by Hamas from the Gaza strip. The Israeli Defense forces have targeted 800 sites in the Gaza strip.

Negotiations between Hamas and Israel were brokered by Egypt for a ceasefire.

Timeline of Events

November 18, 2012

According to Palestine officials, 11 civilians were killed on Sunday in the Israeli airstrike in Gaza city. The total civilians death toll reached 70 Palestinians and 3 Israelis on Sunday.

Hamas inturn fired 100 missiles aimed at busy cities in Israel. The Israeli defense forces were able to shot down 30 of them.

November 21, 2012

Truce came into effect between Israel and Palestine at 19:00 GMT on Wednesday. The ceasefire negotiations were led by foreign minister of Egypt Mohammed Kamel Amr who held the talks between the tow parties. The negotiations were also quickened with the arrival of U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. A joint news was held announcing the ceasefire in Cairo by the Egyptian foreign minister and U.S. Secretary of State.

U.S. President Barack Obama praised the Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi for leading the negotiations that led to the ceasefire.

November 22, 2012

A week after continuous aerial warfare, Israel and Palestine observed truce on November 22, 2012 (Thursday). 160 people were killed in the week and both sides have claimed victorious.

155 Palestines and five Israelis including a soldier were killed in the warfare.

Israel has targeted more than 1500 targets in Gaza, while Gaza fired 1500 rockets back at Israel. The Iron Dome anti-missile system in Israel has intercepted at least 450 of the rockets.

November 23, 2012

A Palestine was killed by an Israeli gunfire at the border of the Gaza strip, the first death since the cease-fire between Israel and Palestine. According to the Palestinian medical officials, the gunfire was opened when a group of Palestinians approached the border fence. Several others were injured in the incident. Israel defended the act saying that they first fired shots in the air warning the group who are approaching the fence.

U.S. Reactions

President Barack Obama, who is in on an Asian trip said peace talks between Israel and Palestine could not continue until Hamas commits to halt all attacks into Isreael. "Those who champion the cause of the Palestinians should recognize that if we see a further escalation of the situation in Gaza, then the likelihood of us getting back on any sort of peace track that leads to a two-state solution is, is going to be pushed off way into the future," Obama said.

Senator John McCain (R-Ariz) has criticized President Obama's handling of the conflict between Israel and Palestine. He called for a high-ranking American to lead to talks. Speaking on the "Face the Nation" Sunday, McCain said, "I would find someone even as high-ranking, frankly, as former president Bill Clinton to go and be the negotiator. We need a person of enormous prestige and influence to have these parties sit down together as an honest broker."

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